A threaded rod, sometimes called a sloper or a fu...
A threaded rod, sometimes called a sloper or a full-rigid rod is a long, thin rod usually made of steel that is threaded on both sides; the thread will extend approximately the full length of the rod itself.
They're commonly used in counterbalance applications. Threaded rod in metric bar stock form is commonly called all-thread. Most times a threading bar is used on a metric rod to counter balance the use of an offset machine spindle, which would cause the rod to turn at an angle not always in an appropriate or desired direction. Threaded rods can also be threaded internally to a full-rigid rod for extra counterbalance capability.
Threaded rods can be classified as strip threads, tapered threads, spiral threads, and tapering threads. Strip threads are those that tend to break free near the head, creating a mild "crack" behind the head or near the joint. This is common with plastic-type materials such as fiberglass and aluminum, although threading in wood is considered acceptable because the strength of the rod is greater. Threaded rods in plastic materials such as PVC are not recommended for applications where there is increased stress run through the fastener.
Tapered and spiral threads are those that alternate threads along a path. It is the motion of these threads that produces the diameter change along the line. A threaded rod with a tapered thread on one end is called a stud. On the other end of a spiral thread is called a taper. A threaded rod with a tapered thread on one end and tapering thread on the other is called a sloper.
Threaded rods can be drilled and tapped or loaded into a hole and vertical or bent to reduce friction and keep a tight fit. There are different types of threading available for different purposes. For example, there are brass and bronze ferrules that can be threaded internally or externally, while a thin gauge steel rod can be threaded internally or externally. Threaded rods for the drill bit are often made from galvanized steel or aluminum because of their strength.
Threaded rods are often used in plumbing applications because they are so strong and durable and can be worked precisely into very small holes. Plumbers also use threaded rods in a sump pump to help with draining of dirty water through the drain line. A stainless steel drain line can also be threaded internally to serve as an overflow pipe or external line for drainage issues. When you have a leaking basement, you may be tempted to call a plumber, but it is possible to solve the problem by using stainless steel drain pipes.
Threaded rods are often used in conjunction with partially threaded rods to help the work move faster and easily. Partially threaded rods are usually made from aluminum, although they can be found in brass, and sometimes even steel. The threads on these rods tend to be small, making them difficult to handle. Threaded rods are also commonly used in milling machines because of their strength, and because they make it easier to work with a milling machine.